It’s hard to guess what’s behind the pretty, modern-looking gate on Fifth Street West just north of Spain Street. A vast estate? A boutique hotel? An upscale apartment complex?
Two years after opening, most Sonomans are now familiar with Sweetwater Spectrum and have shown a warm welcome to its residents. As the first-of-its-kind residential community for adults with autism, the project has received national acclaim and is viewed as a model for similar projects cropping up across the country.
It’s been more than two decades since the rate of autism diagnoses began its eyebrow-raising climb – and with that generation of children on the autism spectrum now entering adulthood, adult autism housing is an idea whose time has, literally, come.
“Autistic children almost always outlive their parents,” says Deirdre Sheerin, executive director at Sweetwater Spectrum. “Yet, few parents have good options when that time approaches.”
As many as half a million children with autism will age out of the school-based support system (which ends at age 22) and enter young adulthood in the coming years, yet there are only a handful of residential options designed with them in mind. “Our founders felt that this was a vastly underserved population,“ says Sheerin. “Their goal was not only to solve their own immediate need for their own children, but to create a model that could be replicated elsewhere.”
Walking in from Fifth Street, visitors pass the four single-story, four-bedroom houses, a year-round therapy pool and hot tub. The community center houses an exercise room, community kitchen and gathering space. Tucked at the back of the property is a one-acre organic community garden, a chicken coop and a greenhouse.
The concept of “autism architecture” is a new one, but the grounds were designed specifically for these residents. Walkways are wide so no one feels crowded, design elements are repeated for familiarity and the property features uncluttered sight lines to lessen surprises.
The 3,250-square-foot houses are designed to be identical and feature sound-proof walls, subdued colors, durable materials and simple furnishings. Attention was paid to minimizing visual stimulation, ambient sounds, lighting and odors. Residents choose who they want to live with, and the houses have been designed to eventually allow for couples.
Visitors are surprised to see that Sweetwater is more of an apartment complex than a dorm, group home or treatment facility. Residents are truly independent – they pay rent, cook their own food, invite friends over, and come and go as they please. Families sign a lease and contract for care, whether it is 24/7 or a few hours a week, through the North Bay Regional Center, a state-funded government agency. Sweetwater provides no care itself.
But in her role as Sweetwater’s enrichment-activity director and volunteer coordinator, Suzanne Phillips is tackling the perhaps oxymoronic challenge of building a autistic community. It has been a process of trial and error. “No one showed up for anything in the beginning. Some program choices I thought would be popular just weren’t, and so we adapt. I know our residents now and can shape what we offer to their interests. And they are all much more social now.” The Sweetwater staff believes that their drive for connection – a quality not always strong in people with autism – is underestimated.
Perhaps most popular with residents is the garden. Garden director Rachel Kohn Obut has run the garden since day one, but her vision has also shifted over time. “Some hate getting their hands dirty, others enjoy watering the plants, some enjoy the chickens most of all,” she says. “Even the garden design is evolving as we’ve found that raised beds with wide walkways are much more appealing.”