On Oct. 1, unless Congress intervenes, the Sonoma Valley Community Health Center (SVCHC) will navigate its monthly expenses with its “330 funding budget” 70 percent smaller than the one it had in September. Overnight, it — and nearly 10,000 community health centers like it across the country — will fall off what health center officials refer to as the “funding cliff,” and thousands of local people who rely on SVCHC for their primary, prenatal, dental and behavioral health services may find restricted access to the quality care they’ve come to expect.
The situation is due to the Sept. 30 expiration of the Community Health Center Fund, which provides federal discretionary funding for thousands of community health centers across the country. While the delay in the raising of the debt ceiling has offered some temporary reprieve, community health centers are depending on Congress to renew the Health Center Fund in order to keep operations financially stable.
Described by CEO Cheryl Johnson as a “medical office on steroids,” SVCHC treats 150 to 175 people each day. Sixty-six percent of the center’s clients carry some form of insurance, much of it Obama-era Affordable Care Act (ACA) coverage; the remaining 34 percent are seen on a sliding scale if they’re willing to complete required government paperwork, a prerequisite many undocumented SVCHC patrons feel newly reluctant to do. “We send the information required by the federal government to the state to process, and we don’t know what they do with it. That’s where the disconnect is,” Johnson said of her patients’ reticence.
Conceived of and originally funded as part of Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty, community health centers have been serving an underserved sector of the population for decades. But it was a Republican President who cemented the model into the healthcare landscape. “People forget, or probably didn’t know, that it was George.W. Bush who really propelled community health centers forward,” Johnson said.
According to Johnson, President Trump’s budget calls for an $89 million increase of community health center funds, but that budget requires that the federal debt ceiling be raised before its adoption, a legislative feat that is far from a certainty. Friday’s temporary suspension of the debt ceiling expires in December, and was passed over the objections of 90 congressional Republicans. In spite of the reprieve, the “health care cliff” still looms ahead. “Most years, we would feel more confident, but this hasn’t been most years. Legislation hasn’t been moving well in 2017,” Johnson said.
Nationwide, the Health Center network cares for 27 million patients annually. In Sonoma, some 6,900 patients make 37,000 visits to SVCHC every year. If funding does indeed drop off the fiscal cliff, SVCHC will see an immediate $1 million reduction to its budget.
“If the perfect storm happens, and the Affordable Care Act is repealed, too, we’re looking at a $2 million hit,” Johnson said.
Community health centers have been incubators for best practices in the medical field since their inception, according to Johnson.
“A lot of the things that are being rolled out into private practice actually originated in Community Health Centers, like chronic disease management and a focus on quality. The government kind of uses us like a testing ground,” Johnson said.
“(We are) the canary in the coal mine,” Johnson said. “Trends appear here before they go into the general community. Right now, for example, diabetes is predicted to affect 50 percent of the population soon. Because of Community Health Centers, we knew that in the 1990s.”