Here’s what to know about staying safe on two wheels.
Ride on the right
1—The safest and best place for a bicyclist to be is on the right side of the road traveling in the same direction as traffic. Bicyclists should ride as far right as is practicable and safe for them to do so. Motorists cannot often see what a bicyclist sees on the roadway. A bicyclist may be riding further out to the left than expected because there may be debris or a pothole in the road or she may be preparing to make a left turn.
Note: Bicyclists are allowed to ride on the sidewalk in Sonoma (except on the sidewalks in the downtown Plaza area), but they must yield to everyone else using the sidewalk. It is not recommended that bicyclists ride on the sidewalk, because motorists generally do not expect bicyclists to be there. Bicyclists should ride in the roadway where they are more visible and predictable.
Obey traffic signs, signals
2—Bicyclists should obey all traffic signs and signals. Bicyclists and motorists share the same roads and follow the same rules and have the same responsibilities. Road users who follow normal traffic patterns are safer and less likely to get in a crash than road users who make up their own rules.
Using the lane for safety
3—Bicyclists can take the full lane in order to be safe and they have the legal right and responsibility to do so. If a lane is too narrow to share, the bicyclist can communicate that by riding in the center of the lane; this discourages unsafe passing by a motorist. The bicyclist will then move over to the right when it is safe to do so. When bicyclists ride two abreast in the roadway, it is not intended to make motorists angry, rather it makes them more visible and discourages close passing in the lane.
Note: Bicyclists may also leave the bike lane if it is not the safest place to be. Some reasons why bicyclists leave the bike lane are to avoid hazards, to stay away from parked cars and the door zone, to make a left turn or to make a right turn from a right turn only lane.
Be alert at intersections
4—All road users should be extra alert around intersections. About a third of the crashes that involve bicyclists and motorists happen at intersections. Bicyclists move faster than one might think—motorists should consider this when passing or pulling into an intersection in front of a bicyclist. Motorists should allow as much space as they would another motorist.
Be careful in driveways
5—Driveways can be problematic to bicyclists, especially youth on bicycles. If a bicyclist is exiting a driveway, he should treat the end of the driveway as a stop sign and always check and make sure it is clear before heading out onto the roadway. Motorists should always be extra cautious and check their blind spots when backing out of a driveway.
Watch for car doors
6—Be aware of the door zone. Bicyclists should give themselves 3-4 feet when passing a parked car so that they do not get hit by a door opening. Motorists should always look before opening their door, it is suggested that motorists use their right hand to open the door because this makes them look behind to see if anyone might be coming.